History Ninja

| Friday, January 1, 2010 | |
A. History
Shinobi or Ninja (A person who moves in secret) is an assassin trained in the art of ninjutsu japan. Ninja, like samurai, follow their own special rules, called Ninpō. According to some observers ninjutsu, the expertise of a ninja is not murder but infiltration. Ninja comes from Japanese, which reads Nin, which means infiltrate. Thus, the special skills of a ninja is to infiltrate with or without sound. Kagetora, Naruto, Ninja Rantaro, is a small example of a raised ninja manga as its main theme. What ninja's? Same as told in the story that is full of secret ninja. Ninja usually immediately associated with the figure of skilled martial yng, expert and versatile sneak mysterious as they appear in the movie or manga. In fact, the appearance of black ninja has a point, but if it was thought that the ninja is identical to a brutal killer, cold-blooded, a troublemaker, artisans sabotage, not the case. The word ninja is formed from two words namely nin and sha, each of which is a hidden meaning, and people. So the ninja is a professional spies in feudal Japan era. History of the ninja is also very difficult to track. Info about the existence of their meetings stored in the secret documents. Ninja can also be interpreted as the name given to someone who mastered and explore the martial art ninjutsu. Defense and nin jutsu means the art or way. The word ninja is taken from the word Ninpō. Po means the philosophy of life or in other words Ninpō is the highest philosophy of ninjutsu martial science on which the life of a ninja. So the ninja will always be alert and Integrate the principles of Ninpō. Dalah ninja spy profesionl at times when the samurai still holds supreme power in the government 12th century Japan. In the 14th century the struggle for power heated up, information about the activities and enemy forces become important, and the ninja were more active. The ninja called by the daimyo to gather information, damage and destroy the armory or storage of food, and to lead an army raid on the night that the ninja get hari.karena special latiham. Ninja remain active until the edo period (1600-1868), which finally addressed by the government authority in edo era.

B. The origins of Ninja

The appearance of the ninja in 522 years is closely linked to the entry into the Japanese art of nonuse. Nonuse of art is what opened the way for the birth of the ninja. Art nonuse or the so-called art of acting in secret is a religious practice performed by the priests who were on duty at the time of giving info to the people in government. Around the year 645, these priests perfected the martial skills and begin to use their knowledge of nonuse to protect themselves from the central government intimidation. In the years 794-1192, Japanese society began to grow and give birth to new classes based on wealth. This class families fighting each other in an attempt to overthrow the empire. Family needs to murderers and spies to fight increasing power. Therefore, the demand for practitioners increased nonuse. This is the beginning of the birth of the ninja. In the 16th century and the ninja was known to exist as a family or clan in the town of Iga or Koga. Ninja at that time the profession is closely linked to high levels itelijen in the king's feudal government in Japan. Based on this, each clan has a tradition of martial arts to teach science in secret in his family alone. Martial science became known as ninjutsu. Dalah knowledge inherited from their ancestors and the refinement of the arts of war for many generations. According to historians it has lasted for more than 4 centuries. It includes the philosophy of science bushido, espionage, tactical battle command, energy in, supernatural power, and various other types of martial arts that grows and develops according to age. But there is a historical record that says that around the 9th century occurred exodus from China to Japan. This happens because the tang dynasty and the collapse of the political upheaval. So many refugees who seek protection from them is jepang.sebagian great generals, soldiers and monks. They settled in Iga province, in the middle of the island honsu. Gen. include Gyokko Cho, Cho Busho bring Ikai their knowledge and mingle with the local culture. Military strategies, philosophical beliefs, the concept of culture, traditional medicine, and traditional philosophy. Everything is integrated with the local customs which eventually formed the science called ninjutsu.

C. Ninjutsu martial
Ninjutsu martial movement only kicks, throws, breaks, and attack. Then, equipped with self-defense techniques such as slash, rolling and technical aids such as escape, sink, and other special techniques. However, in practice the ninja to avoid direct contact with his opponent, thus throwing a variety of tools, palm leaves, shoot, and more often used disguises. In contrast to other martial arts. Ninjutsu techniques taught espionage, sabotage, paralyzing your opponent, and dropped his opponent mentally. Science is used to protect their ninja family. What did the ninja is hard to understand. On one side had to fight to protect, on the other side of the ninja must apply the "cruel and wicked act" while using a stance to face the opponent. On the other hand Ninpō teaching guide that one goal is to enable ninjutsu their sixth sense. combination of intuition and physical strength in the long run allows the ninja to activate the sixth sense. So as to know other people well and understand the various problems in different disciplines.
In the Ninpō there empty-handed self-defense techniques (taijutsu), engineering sword (kenjutsu), techniques of explosives and firearms (kajutsu), hypnosis techniques (saimonjutsu), and techniques of illusion (genjutsu). Togaku flow of energy known as Ryu called Kuji left. The principle is the integration between physical and mental strength. The proper channeling of energy from the energy left Kuji can be destroyed, but on the other hand, if used to think that if can be used to solve complex problems. Ninjutsu is wasted if the ninja does not have the mental and spiritual strength. For that ninja must master the Kuji-in, the spiritual and mental strength under the symbol contained in the palm of the hand that is believed to channel energy. Symbol in the hands of the capture of the practice at the beginning of the mass dissemination of Buddhist religion. Kuji-in is used to build confidence and strength of a ninja. Kuji-in can increase sensitivity and detect danger of death. Of the existing 81 symbols, only 9 main obstacle (to give the body strength), hey (give the power to disguise the presence of a person), anyway (balance of solid and liquid at body), sha (the ability to heal), kai (giving total control over the functions of the body), jin (increasing power of telepathy), retsu (telekinetik strength), olive (increasing the harmony of nature), and zen (enlightened mind and understanding). A ninja will be a true master by mastering these symbols. Although there are many families ninja in Japan, only around in the sixties a new family can ninja approached by outsiders. Since the ninja is expressly prohibited by the Tokugawa shogunate in the 17th century. in 1950 the ban was revoked by the Japanese government. In 1960 the Japanese television show reports and historical documentation of the ninja. After that one strand can open up and introduce the ninja to the outside world is a flow-ryu togakure with heirs of the 34th generation, Masaaki hatsume,. The day-to-day profession is a physician and medical experts bone healing. In the year 1978 succeeded in publicizing ninjutsu and taught to the American by stephen k. Hayes. Since then a branch of martial ninjutsu the most demanding.

D. Ninja Equipment
Ninja are required to survive in the middle of nature, so they become naturally trained to be able to distinguish edible plants, poisonous plants, and medicinal plants. They have an ingenious method to determine the time and the wind. Ninja uses stars as their navigation devices when running at night hari.mereka mission also adept set traps, cooking animals, building shelter, finding water and making fires.
Ninja clothes that cover their body except the palms and around the eyes. This ninja outfit called shinobi shozoko. shozoko shinobi has 3 colors. Black dress is usually worn when doing missions at night and can also be a sign of a real death for the target. White color is used for missions in a snowy day. The green as camouflage so that they are not visible in the forest environment. Shinobi shozoko has many pockets inside and outside. This bag is used to store small tools and weapons they need, such as poison, shuriken, knives, smoke bombs and others. Ninja also carry a small P3K traditional box, which is filled with liquid and drink. Ninja also uses a similar tabi boots. Gap which separates the big toe with the other fingers as easy ninja rope or climbing wall. Female ninja or kunoichi who usually work by using their feminine when approaching the target using psychological manipulation and mind as a weapon of war them. they can approach the target and kill without a trace. Kunoichi has a different mission with male ninja. They are more often closer to the target, so they are also more likely to use close range weapons such as metsubishi, poison, machetes, rope, and tessen. Besides these weapons also brought no visible practical. Ninja weapons in various types, shapes, and sizes. In addition to standard weapons such as swords, naginata, arrows, and knives, there is also tessen (fan when shaken out toxins), Shobo, kyoketsu shogei, neko te, and others. Sophisticated equipment is another ninja kaginawa (anchor-strap) for the climbing wall, ashiaro to make fake footprints that are not tracked during the mission, metsubishi (egg shells filled with sand and metal powders, usually mouse droppings) that serves to blind opponents.

E. Ninja Training
By the time children have been trained ninja vigilant and educated in the tradition of secrecy and their science. At the age of 5-6 years they were introduced to the game of agility and balance the body. The children were told to walk over the plank bridge very ketch, climbing a steep plank, and jump over the bush with thorns. At the age of 9 years they were trained for muscular flexibility. The kids practice rolling and jumping. After that, children are taught the techniques of punching and kicking the straw target tissue. After that training increases the martial arts without weapons and afterwards the basics using swords and sticks.
In their teens taught how to use special weapons. Throwing knives, concealment of weapons, technical rope, swimming, underwater tactics, and techniques used to get informasai nature or to conceal himself. Their time is spent in a closed room or hanging from the trees to develop patience, endurance, and stamina. There is also a silent motion exercises and long-distance running. They are also taught techniques jumped from tree to tree or roof to roof. During the teenage ninja akir learn to be an actor and psychology through their own behavior and the people around him. They begin to understand how to work the human soul, using the weaknesses of others to their advantage. They also learned how to make drugs, get a secret entrance into a building, how to climb walls, through the roof, stole under the chain, bind the enemy, how to run, and draw maps, routes, directions, and face. There are 18 levels of science and art of ninjutsu fighting skills of many owned by a ninja that can be learned by the public at this time. The rest outside the physical skills and mastery of the soul, these warriors have to learn the mental exercise. After mastering this level, can be very skilled ninja, and even regarded as a wise man or shaman, for his ability to blend with nature and the cycle in the vicinity.

Eighteen of expertise are:
1. seishin teki kyoyo (purification of the soul) ninja flow heavily tokakure identity recognition. A ninja must know exactly the commitment and motivation of his life. With the understanding and the understanding of the maturation process of a ninja could be a wise warrior. Ninja involvement in the fight was motivated by reasons to protect. Not justified if the reason is solely because of money.
2. tai jutsu (fighting with bare hands)
blend of science daken taijutsu (at, tendng, countered), ju taijutsu (gumul, choking, break the locks), taihen jutsu (motion without a vote, roll, jump, how to fall). These skills needed to survive the situation threatened or
3. Ninja ken (ninja sword)
ninja sword is a straight-edged sword pedek single. The sword is the main weapon ninja. To use the sword requires two main skills of the science drew his sword (dg speed but subtle movements) while rocking for cutting.
4. bo jutsu (stick and blade style)
there are 2 kinds of sticks, long sticks about 2 meters (bo) and the short stick about one meter (Hanbo). There are more weapons than that when the bamboo in the open in which there is a quick blade looks like a regular stick.
5. shuriken jutsu (throwing weapons)
science of throwing a steel plate with a sharp eye four-cornered like a star (shuriken senban) or throwing nails (bo shuriken). Shuriken thrown Senban twisted way to get stuck and give effect saws. Bo shuriken thrown together a few pieces that looked like a flash of a needle.
6. Yari jutsu (spear style)
spear used for medium-range battle to ward off and reduce your opponent attacks.
7. naginata jutsu (sword cane style)
short sword hilt made a long-sized spears. Used to cut the opponent's ninja who is in medium distance. Can be used to attack and overthrow the samurai horsemen.
8. kusari gama (chain and pendant style)
a chain of 2-3 meters along the given pendulum at one end. At the other end tied to the handle of a traditional Japanese sickle. Chain is used to fend off attacks sickle blade lawan.sedangkan weapon used to kill opponents who are trapped. Weapon chain and pendant is favored by the ninja togakure flow is curved dagger kyoketsu which is fitted with a rope handle delicate than horsehair and another rope was given a large steel ring.
9. henso jutsu (scientific disguise and mingle)
This knowledge is required at the time of espionage. Ninja makes a false identity and divert people's attention. Ninja can also move without the track.
10. shinobi envy (science lurking and infiltrate)
It teaches science moving silently and hiding in the shadows.
11. ba jutsu
a ninja should be able to fight on horseback riding in addition to well on all fronts.
12. sui ren (the science of combat in the water)
include stalking technique by swimming, moving silently in the water, how to use a special boat to float in the water, and techniques in water fights.
13. bo ryaku (knowledge strategy)
science of unusual tactics used in defensive or combat conditions open. Ninja often utilize the surrounding conditions to do their job, without a lot of energy.
14. cho ho (the science of espionage)
spy science, including recruiting and using people who are used as spies.
15. inton jutsu (technique of escape and disappeared)
ninja clever escape by utilizing the existing natural conditions.
16. about mon (meteorology)
take advantage of weather is also a major weapon ninja. Since childhood they were trained to control the weather from the signs of a small nature.
17. chi mon (geography)
land use techniques.

F. Philosophy Ninja
Ninja philosophy is to achieve maximum results with minimum effort. Stratagems and tactics more frequently than direct confrontation. Ninja does not have an exalted status as a samurai, and ninjas are free to do anything to fix the problem, without being bound by the family name and honor.
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